- Cycling is open to amputees, the vision impairedThis refers to any group condition which interferes with 'normal' vision. This incorporates the entire range of vision difficulties, from correctable conditions through to total blindness. and athletes with cerebral palsyA disorder of movement and posture due to damage to an area of the brain that controls and coordinates muscle tone, reflexes, posture and movement. "Cerebral" mean brain-centred; "palsy" is a lack of muscle control..
- Vision impaired athletes compete on a tandem bike with a sighted guideA sighted person who guides a vision impaired athletes in athletics (by running just ahead of the athlete) or in cycling (riding in tandem)..
- There are track and road events.
- Cycling became a Paralympic Games sport in Seoul in 1988.
ClassificationAthletes are classified by classifiers into classes by their ability to function. The aim is to ensure that athletes of similar ability compete against one another.
- Athletes with cerebral palsy are split into four groups according to the level of their disabilityA Disability is generally a condition either caused by accident, trauma, genetics or disease, which may restrict a person's mental processes, senses or mobility..
- Visually impaired athletes compete together with no separate classification system. They ride in tandem with a sighted guide.
- Amputee, spinal cordcord of nerve tissue extending through the spinal canal of the spinal column. injuryharm or damage that it done. and les autresis French for 'others'. It is a term used to describe athletes with a range of conditions which result in locomotor disorders that do not fit the traditional classification systems of the established disability group, eg dwarfism, polio, MS competitors compete within these groups:
- LC1: Riders with upper limbarm disabilities
- LC2: Riders with impairmentdisability in one leg but who can pedal normally
- LC3: Riders with impairment in one lower limbleg who will usually pedal with one leg only
- LC4: Riders with disabilities affecting both legs
- Athletes with more severe disabilities take part in handcyclingHand cycling is an alternative cycling sport for individuals who have limited use of their lower body. Most hand cycles are designed with three wheels instead of the normal two-wheeled bicycles and allow the user to peddle and steer the vehicle using only their upper body. This three-wheel bike limits the need for balancing that a normal two-wheeled bicycle would require..
Handcyclists compete in the following disability divisions:
- HCA: For athletes with complete loss of trunkthe body of a person excluding the head and limbs; torso. and lower limb function
- HCB: For athletes with complete loss of lower limb function and limited trunk stability
- HCC: For athletes with complete loss of lower limb function but few other functional disabilities, or for athletes with partial loss of lower limb function combined with other disabilities which mean conventional cycling is not viable